# Course Descriptions

**MA 001**

**Developmental Mathematics I**

0 credits; 4 Lecture hours per week

Prerequisite: SAT math score 440 and below, or ACT math score 18 and below, or appropriate score on arithmetic placement test

Concentrates on fundamental arithmetic skills and applications. Topics include operations on real numbers, exponentiation and order of operations, ratio and proportion, systems of measurement, fractions, decimals, and percents. Fundamentals of algebra and geometry are introduced.

**MA 002**

**Developmental Mathematics II**

0 credits; 2 hours per week

Prerequisite: SAT math score 450-490, or ACT math score 19-20, or appropriate score on arithmetic placement test

An accelerated arithmetic course emphasizing applications, and including such topics as percents, operations on fractions, ratios and proportions, and conversion between the metric and English measurement systems. Fundamentals of algebra and geometry are introduced.

**MA 003**

**Algebra Review**

0 credits; 2 Lecture hours per week

Prerequisite: SAT math score 550 and below, or ACT math score 23 and below, or appropriate score on algebra placement test

For those students who need improvement in algebra. Reviews basic algebra topics such as signed numbers, solving linear and simultaneous equations, factoring, exponents, and graphing linear equations, with emphasis on verbal problems.

**MA 005**

**Developmental Math for Fashion Merchandising Management**

0 credits; 4 Lecture hours per week

Prerequisite: SAT math score 510 or below, or ACT math score 21 or below, or appropriate score on Fashion Merchandising Management math placement test

A developmental math course specifically designed for FMM students. In addition to the fundamentals of arithmetic, emphasis is placed on the skills needed for the quantitative study of merchandising in the FMM curriculum.

**MA 009**

**Developmental Mathematics for Fashion Design**

0 credits; 3 Lecture hours per week

Prerequisite: SAT math score 510 and below, or ACT math score 21and below, or appropriate score on arithmetic placement test

A developmental math course specifically designed for Fashion Design AAS students. The fundamentals of arithmetic and geometry are taught in the context of the design, production, and costing skills covered in the Fashion Design curriculum.

**MA 041**

**Geometry and Probability Skills**

0 credits; 1 LABORATORY hours per week

Co-requisite: MA 241

For Toy Design students. This course helps students develop the fundamental computational skills required for MA 241.

**MA 142**

**Geometry and the Art of Design (formerly MA 242)**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

A contemporary primer of geometric topics that expand the concepts of shape and space, this course presents some of the established and emerging ways geometry can provide tools and insights for artists and designers. Included are a variety of visual phenomena such as fractals, knots, mazes, symmetry, and the golden ratio. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 161**

**Mathematical Ideas**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Provides an overview of the historic, heuristic, and visual dimensions of mathematics. Includes the golden ratio, fractal geometry, sets and groups, logic and circuits, Euler diagrams, number theory, and discrete math. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 213**

**Quantitative Methods**

3 credits

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency**

Explores the mathematical model-building process in the settings provided by linear programming and probability. Includes simplex methods for solving linear programs; duality; matrix algebra; probability models based on equally likely outcomes, independent events, and conditional probability; applications, particularly to business and economics; and elementary math of finance. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 222**

**Statistical Analysis**

3.5 credits; 3 Lecture and 1 COMPUTER LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Studies the principles and methods of statistical analysis including probability distributions, sampling distributions, error of estimate, significance tests, correlation and regression, chi-square, and ANOVA. Introduces the use of the computer to store, manipulate, and analyze data. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 231**

**Precalculus (formerly MA 131)**

3 credits

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency**

This traditional precalculus course introduces students to math concepts for a wide variety of applications. Topics include polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions; sequences and series; analytic geometry; and trigonometry. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 241**

**Topics in Probability and Geometry**

3 credits

Co-requisite: MA 041

For Toy Design students. The understanding of geometry and probability in everyday natural and social environments and their use as tools for analysis and creativity in toy design. Shapes and figures are examined through geometrical study. Problems in probability are translated from mathematical concepts to real situations. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 299**

**Independent Study in Mathematics**

Variable Credits (3 Credits Maximum);

Prerequisite: a minimum 3.5 GPA and approval of instructor, chairperson, and dean for Liberal Arts

**MA 311**

**Mathematical Modeling for Business Applications**

3 credits; 2 Lecture and 2 COMPUTER LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency**

To instill the value of mathematics as a tool for modeling real-life situations, this course focuses on an analytical approach to business decision-making. Topics covered include finance, cash flow, probability, linear programming, and the business applications of basic equations. Microsoft Excel is used. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 321**

**Data Analysis for Business Applications**

3 credits

Prerequisite: MA 222 and algebra Proficiency**

This course covers intermediate statistics topics with applications to business. Students graph, manipulate, and interpret data using statistical methods and Excel. Topics include data transformations, single and multiple regression, time series, analysis of variance, and chi-square tests. Applications are from the areas of retail, finance, management, and marketing. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 331**

**Calculus**

3 credits

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency** and MA 231 or permission of Chairperson

Develops basic principles of differential calculus and introduces integral calculus. Functions, graphing, and maxima-minima problems are studied in the context of business and other applications. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 332
Calculus II**

3 credits

Prerequisite: MA 331

This course continues the development of the differential and integral calculus topics covered in Calculus I. Students interpret the integral both as an anti-derivative and as a sum of products. Students employ the standard techniques of integration to solve problems involving business applications. Topics to be covered include L'Hopital's rule, integration by parts, power series, and the integration of standard mathematical functions.

**MA 361**

**Number Theory**

3 credits

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency**

Students are introduced to modular arithmetic and basic cryptography algorithms through a systematic treatment of topics such as divisibility, remainders, fractions and functions mod b, and Femat’s little theorem. The course culminates in applications of the RSA encryption algorithm. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 391**

**Mathematics of the Ancient World in Its Cultural and Historic Context (Honors)**

3 credits

Prerequisites: qualification for Presidential Scholars or a min. 3.5 GPA with approval of dean for Liberal Arts, arithmetic* and algebra proficiencies**, and a min. grade of 85 on Regents Math III, min. SAT math score of 530, or G2: Math requirements

This interdisciplinary survey of mathematics from prehistory to Archimedes covers topics from the basic (different ways of conceiving numbers) to the complex (a proof of the Pythagorean theorem). The cultural and historical context of the mathematical achievements of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Greece are emphasized in a way that shows these achievements as a natural and integral part of the civilizations that created them. Comparisons to modern methods in mathematics are stressed. (G2: Mathematics)

**MA 392**

**The Mathematics of Personal Finance (Honors)**

3 credits; 2 Lecture and 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: algebra proficiency** and qualification for Presidential Scholars Program, or 3.5 GPA with approval of dean for Liberal Arts

Students interpret and draw inferences from mathematical models that underlie essential notions of financial planning. Students represent mathematical information symbolically, verbally, and in writing within a financial context, exploring interest types, retirement, taxation, credit cards, mortgages, and investing. (G2: Mathematics)

**SCIENCE **

**SC 032**

**Color Science Laboratory**

1 credit; 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 332

This lab offers students a hands-on opportunity to learn about the various topics covered in SC 332. State-of-the-art equipment is used to perform spectrophotometric and colorimetric analysis of samples prepared using paints, dyes, filters, colored lights, and colored papers to explore the relationship between color and light, the principles of additive and subtractive color mixing, and instrumentation-based color matching.

**SC 045**

**General and Organic Chemistry Laboratory**

1 credit; 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 145

Stresses fundamental laboratory techniques. Experiments illustrate and reinforce principles presented in lectures. Organic compounds are prepared. Dyes and synthetic fibers are included where possible.

**SC 046**

**Basic Chemistry for Cosmetics and Fragrances Laboratory**

1 credit; 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 146

This lab offers students a hands-on opportunity to learn about the fundamental techniques and methods of the chemistry laboratory as they relate to the various topics covered in SC 146.

**SC 111**

**Introduction to the Physical Sciences**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Not open to students who have taken SC 112. Presents basic principles of chemistry, physics, and earth and space sciences with emphasis on understanding the physical world. Includes theoretical concepts as well as applications. Illustrated by suitable lecture demonstrations. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 112**

**Earth Science**

3.5 credits; 3 Lecture and 1 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Not open to students who have taken SC 111. The historical development, current research, and fundamental principles associated with meteorology, geology, and astronomy are studied. Trips to research and field sites are included. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 121**

**Introduction to Biological Science**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Not open to students who have taken SC 122. Examines the fundamentals of biology with emphasis on molecular, cell, and organismal biology. Biotic diversity, evolution, and genetics are also presented. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 122**

**Field Biology**

3 credits; 2 Lecture and 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Not open to students who have taken SC 121. Covers the major principles of biology by studying organisms and their interrelationships in natural settings. Emphasis is given to habitats within New York City. Laboratory sessions, a weekend field trip, and visits to wildlife refuges, botanical gardens, and parks are included. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 145**

**Survey of General and Organic Chemistry**

4 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 045

Develops essential principles of general and organic chemistry, emphasizing a descriptive, rather than mathematical, approach. Provides an awareness of the identities and uses of various chemical compounds. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 146**

**Basic Chemistry for Cosmetics and Fragrances**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 046

Students are introduced to the basic principles of chemistry, with an emphasis on its application to the formulation of cosmetics and fragrances, in order to understand the physical and chemical properties of a range of beauty products. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 147**

**The Forensics of Fiber Analysis**

3 credits; 2 Lecture and 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

This course focuses on the fundamental concepts in forensic science by examining sample evidence collected from mock crime scenes. Chemical and spectroscopic techniques are used to introduce the concepts of forensic fiber analysis. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 245**

**Chemistry of the Everyday World**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

The natural and synthetic environment surrounding everyday life is used to introduce basic concepts of chemistry. In this course students explore fundamental concepts in chemistry by examining their environment and the ways in which they live.

**SC 253**

**Ecology and Environmental Problems**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Introduces principles and applications of ecosystem, community, and population ecology, with particular emphasis on the effects of human activities on the natural environment. Current problems in acidification, conservation biology, desertification, global climate change, habitat destruction, ozone depletion, waste management, and pollution are addressed. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 299**

**Independent Study in Science**

Variable Credits (3 Credits Maximum);

Prerequisite: a minimum 3.5 GPA and approval of instructor, chairperson, and dean for Liberal Arts

**SC 326**

**Human Nutrition**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Studies the basic principles of nutritional science, including the relationships between health, disease, and special nutritional requirements. History, fads, and fallacies of nutrition are covered. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 331**

**Color Science and Digital Color Reproduction**

3 credits; 2 Lecture and 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Not open to students who have taken SC 332. The basic principles of color science and how they are applied in digital color reproduction are introduced. Students study the psychophysical basis of color perception, the measurement of color, and additive and subtractive color mixing. They learn how color is input into the computer, how the computer manipulates and displays color, and how color is reproduced in output.

**SC 332**

**Color and Light**

3 credits

Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency*

Co-requisite: SC 032

The basic principles of color science, including color measurement and color reproduction, are examined. Emphasis is on the physical basis of color: the relation between color and light, the interaction of light and matter, and the physics of light. Among the topics covered are color vision, color in art and nature, color imaging, light sources, CIE, colorimetric analysis, color matching, and quality control. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 391**

**Crime Scene Chemistry (Honors)**

4 credits; 3 Lecture and 2 LABORATORY hours per week

Prerequisite: qualification for Presidential Scholars Program or 3.5 GPA with approval of dean for Liberal Arts, and arithmetic proficiency*

This course explores fundamental concepts in chemistry by examining actual case studies related to criminal activity. Students learn the techniques used by investigators to gather and analyze evidence and data. The laboratory section of the course provides hands-on experience with the techniques used by scientists in the field of forensics chemistry. (G3: Natural Sciences)

**SC 499**

**Independent Study in Science**

Variable Credits (3 Credits Maximum);

Prerequisite: a minimum 3.5 GPA and approval of instructor, chairperson, and dean for Liberal Arts

*ARITHMETIC PROFICIENCY is a requirement for the AAS degree. Based on the arithmetic placement test, a student who shows need for improvement in arithmetic may be required to enroll in either MA 001 or MA 002 or in a math independent learning program (MD 008—see page 247) before registering for classes that have arithmetic proficiency as a prerequisite. Arithmetic proficiency may also be demonstrated by a qualifying score on the mathematics portion of the SAT or ACT, or by transfer credit in college algebra, quantitative methods, pre-calculus, or calculus, or by a passing grade in an equivalent developmental mathematics course offered at another accredited college or university.

**ALGEBRA PROFICIENCY is a prerequisite for MA 131, MA 213, MA 311, MA 321, and MA 331 courses, which are required for the BS degrees in Advertising and Marketing Communications, Cosmetics and Fragrance Marketing, Direct and Interactive Marketing, Fashion Merchandising Management, International Trade and Marketing for the Fashion Industries, Production Management: Fashion and Related Industries, and Technical Design. Based on the algebra placement test, a student who shows need for improvement in algebra will be required to enroll in MA 003 (Algebra Review) before registering for classes that have Algebra proficiency as a prerequisite. A student may also choose to register for MA 003 without taking the placement test. Algebra proficiency may also be satisfied by a qualifying score on the mathematics portion of the SAT or ACT, or by transfer credit in college algebra, quantitative methods, pre-calculus, or calculus, or by a passing grade in an equivalent developmental mathematics course offered at another accredited college or university.