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Chicago Style: Citing Sources and Bibliographies

The following examples are guides to citing your sources in Chicago Style and to creating your bibliography. For more difficult sources to cite, we recommend taking a close look at the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition, which is available at the FIT Library. Below you will find information on citations for books, periodicals, internet sources, and images.

Examples of Citations for Books

General Model

Notes

         1. Author’s Name, Title of book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number(s).

Bibliography

  Lastname, Firstname. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Book by One Author

Notes

         1. John Lewis Gaddis, The Cold War: A New History (New York: Penguin, 2005), 230-235.

Bibliography

  Gaddis, John Lewis. The Cold War: A New History. New York: Penguin, 2005.
 
Book by Two or More Authors

Notes

         1. Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton, The Rosenberg File (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1997), 165-167.

Bibliography

  Radosh, Ronald, and Joyce Milton. The Rosenberg File. New Haven: Yale

 University Press, 1997.

Translated Work with One Author

Notes

         1. Henrik Ibsen, Hedda Gabler and Other Plays, translated by Una Ellis-Fermor (London, Penguin Classics, 1951), 30-31.

Bibliography

  Ibsen, Henrik. Hedda Gabler and Other Plays. Translated by Una Ellis-

 Fermor. London, Penguin Classics, 1951.

Book with Author and Editor

Notes

         1. Walter Benjamin, Reflections: Essays, Aphorisms and Autobiographical Writing, edited by Peter Demetz (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc., 1978), 312-314.

Bibliography

  Benjamin, Walter. Reflections: Essays, Aphorisms and Autobiographical

 Writing, translated by Peter Demetz. New York: Harcourt Brace

 Jovanovich Inc., 1978.

Article, Chapter, Essay, Short Story, etc., in an Edited Collection
 
Notes

         1. John Steinbeck, “The Chrysanthemums,” in 50 Great Short Stories, edited by Milton Crane (New York: Bantam Books, 1952), 337.

Bibliography

  Steinbeck, John. “The Chrysanthemums.” In 50 Great Short Stories, edited

by Milton Crane, 337-347. New York: Bantam Books, 1952.

 

Examples of Citations for Images

General Model

In lieu of footnotes/endnotes, images featured in papers are accompanied by a caption located immediately beneath them. All captions should begin with “Figure” or “Fig.” followed by an Arabic numeral. The rest of the information is formatted as follows:

   Artist’s Name, Title, Date. Medium and Support, Measurements. Repository, City.

For example:
 
Andy Warhol Gold Marilyn Monroe              

Fig. 1 Andy Warhol, Gold Marilyn Monroe, 1962. Silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 6' 11 1/4" x 57". Museum of Modern Art, New York City. 

 

The format for the bibliography is similar, but with a few minor alterations:

  Artist's last name, Artist’s first name. Title, date. medium and support, measurements.

 Repository, City.

For example:

Warhol, Andy. Gold Marilyn Monroe, 1962. Silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer

 paint on canvas, 6' 11 1/4" x 57". Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

 

Examples of Citations for Internet Sources

General Model

Notes

         1. Author(s), “Title of web page,” Publishing organization or name of web site, Publication date if available, <URL>.

Bibliography

  Lastname, Firstname. “Title of web page.” Publishing organization or name

of web site. Publication date if available. <URL>.

For pages found on the Internet that do not feature an author, a title, and/or a publication date, this information may be omitted from the entry with all of the other information formatted the same way. If your instructor requires an access date, include it in parentheses at the end of the entry.
 
For example:

Notes

         1. Hadassa Kosak, “Triangle Shirtwaist Fire,” Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia, 20 March 2009, <http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/triangle-shirtwaist-fire>.

Bibliography
   Kosak, Hadassa. “Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.” Jewish Women: A Comprehensive

 Historical Encyclopedia. 20 March 2009.

><http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/triangle-shirtwaist-fire>.
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